CHAPTER 3
Food and Nutrition

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Contents

About this chapter

Where to get help

Section 1
Historical overview of Aboriginal diet

Introduction

The diet of Aboriginal people before European contact

Hunter-gatherer lifestyle

Dietary diversity

Division of labour

Meat in the diet

Plant foods

Meal Patterns

Food Preparation

Food distribution

Fat

Delicacies

After European settlement: the transitional diet

Rations

Assimilationist Policy

Communal feeding

Key events

The first community stores

To sum up

Food supply and eating habits in Aboriginal communities

Aboriginal diet today

Fat intake

Sugar intake

Salt intake

Fibre intake

Fruit and vegetable intake

Vitamin and mineral intake

Bush Foods (‘Bush Tucker’)

Nutrition and income

Purchasing patterns

Family obligations

Cooking and storage facilities in the home

Food supply issues

The cost of food

Transporting food

The community store

Store staffing and management

Store manager

Store committees and store policies

Book-up system

Food quality and quantity issues

Local food production

Nutrition related health issues

Maternal nutrition

Maternal nutrition and birthweight

Breast feeding in NT rural Aboriginal women

Breast feeding and maternal nutrition

Growth monitoring

Malnutrition and growth patterns

Poor growth

Nutrition related problems in adults

Chronic diseases

Overweight and obesity

THS food and nutrition program

The Northern Territory Food and Nutrition Policy and Strategic Plan 1995-2000

The Territory Food Project

Community nutritionists

Aboriginal Community Nutrition Workers

Aboriginal Community Nutrition Worker Training Program

Growth Assessment and Action

The Strong Women, Strong Babies, Strong Culture Project

New developments

Oral health

An overview of oral health

Traditional times

Nowadays

Oral health status in remote communities

Decay

Gingivitis

Periodontal disease

Requirements for strong teeth

Fluoride

Healthy food and drinks

Tooth-brushing

THS Oral Health Program

Priority Groups

Section 2
Actions and strategies to address food and nutrition issues

What is in Section 2?

Where to get help

Food and nutrition guidelines

Dietary guidelines for Australians

Dietary guidelines for children and adolescents

Australian Guide to Healthy Eating

Food guidelines for remote stores

Strategies to improve food supply

The community store

Encouraging discussion about the role of the store

Supporting store committees

Store policy development

Organising a store policy

Reducing the cost of goods sold through the store

Monitoring food supply in stores

Community market basket surveys

How to do a community market basket survey

Analysing the results

Feeding back the results

Measuring store turnover

Using local foods

Bush tucker

Case study: the store’s role in the bigger picture

Strategies to encourage better food choices

Key nutritional messages for promoting better food choices

Key messages about oral health

Store tours

Food displays and promotions

Taste testings

Looking at the fat and sugar content of foods

Where to get help

Shelf talkers

How to use shelf talkers in the store

Tips for making shelf talkers

Evaluating a shelf-talker project

Case study: a local approach to healthy food displays and promotions

Cooking contemporary foods

Doing brief interventions on nutrition

Strategies to improve maternal and child health

Improving the growth and development of young children

Growth Assessment and Action

Growth Action Plans

The Road to Health Chart

Tips for improving growth assessment and follow-up

Tips for feeding back information to the community

Enhancing antenatal care

The Strong Women, Strong Babies, Strong Culture Program

Useful Resources

Contact lists

Bibliography

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