CHAPTER 2
Environmental Health

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Contents

Section 1
An overview

Introduction

Where to get help
Some useful terms in environmental health
What is environmental health
Responsibility for environmental health
Overview of environmental health in the NT
The common cycle

Housing and settlement planning

The overall picture
Environmental health/housing conditions in five remote NT communities
Housing

House construction
Housing maintenance
Community management
Community housing issues
House ownership
Siting of houses

Settlement planning

Community townships
Outstations

Responsibility for housing

The Indigenous Housing Authority of the Northern Territory (IHANT)
ATSIC Environmental Health Programs
The Department of Housing

Health hardware

The importance of health hardware
Report of Uwankara Palyanyku Kanyintjaku (The UPK Report)
Why health hardware is a problem
Who is working with health hardware and health infrastructure

Water supply

The ATSIC Survey 1992
The difficulties of supplying potable water
Who is responsible for water supply

Power and Water Authority (PAWA)
Essential Services Officers

Landcare and land management

Erosion and land degradation
A model for understanding landcare and land management
Who is working in landcare and land management

Rubbish

Rubbish collection and disposal system
Guidelines and legislation
Who is working in 'Rubbish'

Dogs

Dogs and human health
Dog programs
Who is involved in dog programs

Insects and pests

Conditions that favour breeding of pests
Common insects and pests in the Northern Territory

Mosquitoes
Rodents and disease

Food hygiene

Time and temperature control
Regulation of food hygiene
The Northern Territory Food and Nutrition Policy

Power

Electrical safety
The roles and responsibilities of PAWA

Healthy living practices

Essential requirements for healthy living
Why it is important to promote healthy living practices in the community

1. Washing people - especially children under 5
2. Washing clothes and bedding
3. Removing wastewater, sewage and rubbish
4. Maintaining food hygiene and water quality
5. Reducing crowding
6. Improving dog health
7. Controlling dust
8. Controlling temperature in living areas
9. Reducing risk situations (trauma)
10. Controlling insects and pests

The THS Environmental Health Program

Who is in the Environmental Health Team

Environmental Health Officers
What Environmental Health Officers do

Environmental health legislation and guidelines

Environmental Health Workers (EHWs)

Environmental health: men's or women's responsibility?

Environmental Health Program contact numbers


Section 2
Strategies to address environmental health issues

Introduction

Working together

What to do in case of an environmental health hazard

Supporting long term change - where to start

Supporting environmental health action
Funding for environmental health projects

Strategies for getting to know your environment

Supporting environmental health surveys
Why do the surveys
How the surveys are done
What survey results are used for
What health centre staff can do
Drawing up a 'Roles and Responsibilities' chart
Doing a participatory mapping exercise

Strategies for promoting healthy living practices

1. Washing people - especially children under 5
2. Washing clothes and bedding
3. Removing wastewater, sewage and rubbish

Septic systems and waste water
Removing rubbish and solid waste, "sharps" etc

4. Maintaining food hygiene and water quality

Maintaining food hygiene
Maintaining water quality

5. Reducing crowding
6. Improving dog health
7. Controlling dust
8. Controlling temperature in living areas
9. Reducing risk situations (trauma)
10. Controlling insects and pests

Flies, cockroaches and mosquitoes
Insecticides

Bibliography

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