CHAPTER 1
Alcohol and Other Drugs

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Contents

About this chapter

Where to get help

Section 1
An overview of alcohol and other drug issues

Drugs and drug use

What is a drug?
Psychoactive drugs
Effects of using drugs
Why people use drugs
'Learning' to use drugs
Some useful terms and concepts

Abstinence
Addiction, addictive behaviour
Binge drinking
Detoxification
Disease model of drug addiction
Drug abuse
Drug misuse
Drug dependence
Drug use
Experimental use
Harm minimisation/harm reduction
Harm-reduction strategies
Harmful use
Intoxication
Recreational or social use
Tolerance
Withdrawal

Drug related problems

In Australia
In the Northern Territory

Violence and crime
Family and social problems
Accidents and deaths
Employment problems
Disease and death
Other drug misuse

Overview of major drugs

Alcohol

What is alcohol?
What is a standard drink?
Effects of alcohol
Overview of alcohol use in remote Aboriginal communities
Alcohol and the Law in the NT

Tobacco

What is tobacco?
Chemicals in tobacco
Effects of smoking tobacco
Overview of tobacco smoking in remote Aboriginal communities

Kava

What is kava?
Effects of kava use
Overview of kava use in the NT

Petrol

What is petrol?
Chemicals in petrol
Effects of sniffing petrol
Overview of petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal communities

Cannabis (Marijuana)

What is cannabis?
Chemicals in cannabis
Effects of cannabis use
How many people use cannabis?
Cannabis and the Law in the NT

The THS Alcohol and Other Drugs Program

Overview
Harm reduction as a strategy

Alcohol and Other Drugs Program Directorate

Alcohol and Other Drugs Services
Non-Government Alcohol and Other Drugs Organisations
The Living With Alcohol Program (LWA)

Aboriginal Living With Alcohol Strategy
Aboriginal Family Violence Strategy

The THS Tobacco Action Project

Section 2
Strategies to address alcohol and other drug issues

Introduction

Personal attitudes about drugs and drug use

Developing personal skills

Raising the issue

Brief interventions
Health checks

Advice about alcohol

Careful drinking
Advice when not to drink
Strategies for cutting down
Strategies to stop drinking

Advice about tobacco

Cut down or quit?
Low tar and low nicotine cigarettes
Withdrawal
Nicotine patches
Quitline

Advice about kava

When not to drink kava
Strategies to reduce harm
Health problems

Advice about petrol sniffing

Giving factual information

Advice about cannabis

Strategies to reduce cannabis use

Strengthening and supporting community action

Community education

Feeding back statistical information to the community
'Health Weeks'
Sharing success stories

Working with others

Supporting health promoting schools and community organisations
Alternatives: recreational and sporting activities

Community intervention strategies

Aboriginal Living with Alcohol Strategy
Aboriginal Family Violence Strategy (AFVS)
Night Patrols
Sobering up shelters

Supporting and developing healthy policies

Alcohol control

Changing liquor restrictions
Sports and social clubs
Canteens

Tobacco: policies and legislation

'No smoking' policies
'No tobacco' sales to minors
'No smoking' stickers and signage

Petrol sniffing

Changing to AVGAS and unleaded petrol
Community policies
Petrol sniffing strategy

Resources

Aboriginal Health Education Resources Database

Contact list for Alcohol and Other Drugs Program

Bibliography

General
Alcohol
Cannabis
Kava
Petrol
Tobacco

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